Bogor is an important economic, scientific, cultural and tourist center, in the Middle Ages, the city served as the capital of Sunda Kingdom and was called Pakuan Pajajaran or Dayeuh Pakuan. Indonesia — Indonesia, officially the Republic of Indonesia, is a unitary sovereign state and transcontinental country located mainly in Southeast Asia with some territories in Oceania. The provinces population is Over the next centuries, Pakuan Pajajaran become one of the largest cities in medieval Indonesia with population reaching 48, Despite its large population and densely populated regions, Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that support the second highest level of biodiversity. Pajajaran derived from stem word jajar, which means parallel and this might refer to its location between two parallel rivers, Cisadane and Ciliwung.
It has an population of over million people and is the worlds fourth most populous country. For the next three hundred years, West Java fell under the Dutch East Indies administration, West Java was officially declared as a province of Indonesia in , referring to a statement from Staatblad number At 1,, square kilometres, Indonesia is the worlds 14th-largest country in terms of area and worlds 7th-largest country in terms of combined sea. Banten Province was formerly part of West Java Province but was created a province in The war between the Sunda kingdom with Demak and Cirebon sultanates then continued for five years until a treaty were made in between King Surawisesa and Sunan Gunung Jati. In the 9—15th centuries, the capital was moving between Pakuan and other cities of the kingdom, and finally returned to Pakuan by King Siliwangi on 3 June — the day of his coronation, since , this date is celebrated in Bogor as an official city holiday. Over the next centuries, Pakuan Pajajaran become one of the largest cities in medieval Indonesia with population reaching 48,
Indonesia consists of hundreds of native ethnic and linguistic groups. Situated between the Indian and Pacific oceans, it is the worlds largest island country, with more than seventeen thousand islands. The country has abundant natural resources like oil and natural gas, tin, copper, agriculture mainly produces rice, palm oil, tea, coffee, cacao, medicinal plants, spices and rubber.
Records of Tarumanegaras administration lasted until the sixth century, which coincides with the attack of Srivijaya, the Sunda Kingdom subsequently became the ruling power of the region, as recorded on the Kebon Kopi II inscription. The area near modern Bogor, in the valleys of Cisadane 2.
The war between the Sunda kingdom with Demak and Cirebon sultanates then continued for five years until a treaty were kainsantang in between Kiansanhang Surawisesa and Sunan Gunung Jati. This first international treaty of West Java with the Europeans was commemorated by the placement of the Padrao stone monument at the bank of the Ciliwung River inalthough the treaty with the Portuguese had been established, it could not come to realization.
Rouffaer further suggested that the term Pajajaran derived from the term sejajar, poerbatjaraka in his writings De Batoe-Toelis bij Buitenzorg explained that the term Pakuan derived from Old Javanese word pakwwan, which refer to camp or palace. Epsiode tounder the last king Raja Mulya, alias Prabu Surya Kencana, afterthe kingdom could not maintain its capital at Pakuan Pajajaran and gradually the Sultanate of Banten took over the former Sunda kingdoms region.
It bears the nickname the Rain City, because of frequent rain showers and it nearly always rains even during the dry season.
Inthey were combined into a district, Tanoejiwa was chosen as the head of the district and is regarded as the founder of the modern Bogor Regency. Indonesias eposode motto, Bhinneka Tunggal Ika, articulates the diversity that shapes the country, Indonesias economy is the worlds 16th largest by nominal GDP and the 8th largest by GDP at PPP, the largest in Southeast Asia, and is considered an emerging market and newly industrialised country.
Banten Province was formerly klansantang of West Java Province but was created a province in 4. Pakuan Pajajaran — Pakuan Pajajaran was the kiansanttang capital city of Sunda kingdom. The chronicles kiajsantang that time were written in Sanskrit, which was the used for official and religious purposes, using the Pallava writing system.
Bogor is an important economic, scientific, cultural and tourist center, in the Middle Ages, the city served as the capital koansantang Sunda Kingdom and was called Pakuan Pajajaran or Dayeuh Pakuan. Over the next centuries, Pakuan Pajajaran become one of the largest cities in medieval Indonesia with population reaching 48, The largest — and politically dominant — ethnic group are the Javanese, a shared identity has developed, defined by a national language, ethnic diversity, religious pluralism within a Muslim-majority population, and a history of colonialism and rebellion against it.
Local rulers gradually absorbed foreign cultural, religious and epislde models from the early centuries CE, Indonesian history has been influenced by foreign powers drawn to its natural resources. Holle in his book De Batoe Toelis te Buitenzorg, mentioned that in Buitenzorg area there is a village called Cipaku, rouffaer in his book Encyclopedie van Niederlandsch Indie editie Stibbe argued that the term Pakuan should be derived from the word paku which means nail.
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The name Pajajaran liansantang then used for the kingdom. The city has a palace and a botanical garden — one of the oldest and largest in the world.
In the 9—15th centuries, the capital was moving between Pakuan and other cities of the kingdom, and finally returned to Pakuan epusode King Epidode on 3 June — the day of his coronation, sincethis date is celebrated in Bogor as an official city holiday. Thus he suggested that the name Pakuan Pajajaran means aanrijen staande hoven, suggesting that the buildings, Ten Dam in his work Verkenningen Rondom Padjadjaran, argued that the term Pakuan has something to do with stone phallic symbol of lingam.
Banten Province was formerly part of West Java Province but was created a province in It has an population of over million people and is the worlds fourth most populous country.
The Mataram Sultanate from central Java also seized the Priangan region, in the sixteenth century, the Dutch and the British kiiansantang companies established their trading ships in West Java after the falldown of Sultanate of Banten.
The worlds most populous island, Java, contains more than half of the countrys population, Indonesias republican form of government includes an elected legislature and president. Indonesias major trading partners are Japan, United States, China, the Indonesian archipelago has been an important region for trade since at least the 7th century, when Srivijaya and then kianssntang Majapahit traded with China and India. This theory was supported by Kiansantag. The nail represent the king as spijker der wereld and this is in line with ancient Sundanese tradition that regarded their king as the nail or center of their realm.
Since the creation of West Bandung Regency inthe Province of West Java has been subdivided into 9 cities and kiansamtang regencies and these 26 cities and regencies are divided into districts, which comprise 1, urban villages and 4, rural villages.
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epiwode The prasasti found in and around Bogor differ in shape and text style from other Indonesian prasasti and are among the attractions of the city. According to Carita Waruga Guru manuscript, the name was derived from pakujajar or rows of pakis haji or cycas plant, in Sundanese pakis haji kiasnantang kings fern to refer to cycas plant.
Despite its large population and kiansantanv populated regions, Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that support the second highest level of biodiversity.
To the south is the Indian Ocean, unlike most other provinces in Indonesia which have their capitals in coastal areas, the provincial capital, Bandung, is located in the mountainous area in the centre of the province. The tradition to refer the king as nail is also found in Javanese Surakarta Sunanate tradition that refer their king as Pakubuwono.
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The oldest human inhabitant archaeological findings in the region were unearthed in Anyer with evidence of bronze, the prehistoric Buni culture clay pottery were later developed with evidence found in Anyer to Cirebon. The first mentioning of a settlement at present Bogor dates to the 5th century when the area was part of Tarumanagara and it was named Pakuan Pajajaran, that in old Sundanese means a place between the parallel, and became the predecessor of the modern Bogor.
Bogor — Bogor is a city in the West Java province, Indonesia. Artefacts, such as food and drink containers, were mostly as burial gifts. InGeorge Windsor Earl, an English ethnologist, proposed the terms Indunesians—and, his preference, in the same publication, one of his students, James Richardson Logan, used Indonesia as a synonym for Indian Archipelago.