Retrieved from ” https: Mukhtar, however, employed the term in a messianic sense: As a result of Ibn Ziyad’s suppression and political maneuvering, Ibn Aqil’s following started melting away and he was forced to declare the revolt prematurely. They accused him of robbing their prestige:. On 17 July , they defeated the Umayyad army, twice their size, near Mosul. Muawiyah , a companion of Muhammad and the governor of Syria , who had been at war with Ali , invaded Iraq.
The Caliph and the Heretic: Rashidun Caliphate Umayyad Caliphate. To win over the hitherto unpersuaded Ibrahim ibn al-Ashtar , an influential Alid partisan and head of the Nakhai tribe, Mukhtar presented him with a letter, which he claimed was authored by Ibn al-Hanafiyyah. Mukhtar was informed by people coming from Kufa that the city had come under Ibn al-Zubayr’s control but many Kufans were looking for an independent leader of their own. Julius Wellhausen writes that although Mukhtar did not claim to be a prophet, he made every effort to create the impression that he was one, and spoke in a way as if he “sat in the counsel of God”. Husayn’s great-grandson Ja’far al-Sadiq is reported to have said: He argued that Ibn Surad was old, weak, and militarily inexperienced. As a result of Ibn Ziyad’s suppression and political maneuvering, Ibn Aqil’s following started melting away and he was forced to declare the revolt prematurely.
Muhammad in History, Thought, and Culture: This was likely the first reference to the Mahdi in the history of Islam.
At the same time, Sulayman ibn Surad, a companion of Muhammad and an Alid supporter, rallied a group nxma people, who called themselves Tawwabinto fight the Umayyads to atone for their failure to support Husayn during the battle of Karbala. At first, he attempted to reconcile their differences and appease both.
Cahiers d’Asie Centrale in French. Mukhtar returned to Kufa where he declared Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyaha son of Alithe Mahdi and the Imamand called for the establishment of an Alid caliphate and retaliation for Husayn’s murder.
There, Mukhtar reportedly recommended that Hasan be handed over to Muawiyah in return for political favour, but was rebuffed by his uncle. Support for Mukhtar’s revolt came from two divergent groups: As a result of Ibn Ziyad’s suppression and political maneuvering, Ibn Aqil’s following started melting away and he was forced to declare the revolt prematurely. Ibn al-Hanafiyyah requested help from Mukhtar, who subsequently dispatched a four thousand-strong force to free him. A sizable portion of his army consisted of Kufan nobles, who had previously fled Mukhtar’s punitive measures.
Ikhtiyar Ma’rifat al-Rijal in Arabic. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Translated by Abu Khaliyl. The Umayyad army was defeated, and many of the senior Umayyad military leaders including Ibn Rpisode and Husayn ibn Numayr al-Sakuni were killed.
His followers later developed into a distinct Shia sect and were called Kaysanites. Nonetheless, Ibn al-Zubayr, after becoming aware of Mukhtar’s intentions and fearing a pro-Alid revolt in the Hejaz, detained Ibn al-Hanafiyyah to forcibly gain his allegiance, hoping Mukhtar would follow suit.
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Mukhtar, however, employed the term in a messianic sense: Mukhtar and his followers planned to overthrow the governor and seize control of Kufa on Thursday, 19 October 14 Rabi al-Awwal 66 AH. Muawiyaha companion of Muhammad muktar the governor of Syriawho had been at war with Aliinvaded Iraq.
Hasan was injured by a Kharijite near al-Mada’in and was brought to the home of Mukhtar’s uncle. Epieode Arab Kingdom and Its Fall. He then claimed that he was a lieutenant of Ibn al-Hanafiyyah, whom he called the Mahdi Messiah. Mukhtar signaled an early declaration of revolt to his troops by lighting fires.
The latter became the governor of al-Mada’in during the reign of Caliph Ali, jrdu cousin and son-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Part of a series on Shia Islam.
Studies in Honour of Professor Carole Hillenbrand. Fearful of Mukhtar, Ibn Yazid imprisoned him. Ibn al-Hanafiyyah responded that he neither approved nor disapproved of such an action, but bloodshed mukhatr be avoided.
He argued that Ibn Surad was old, weak, and militarily inexperienced. There are differing accounts of how prominent members of the Alid family viewed Mukhtar. Ta’ifHejaz now in Saudi Arabia. This idea became influential afterwards, particularly in Shia Islamwhere it became one of its central tenets. The next morning, Mukhtar received e;isode from Kufans in the mosque on the basis of, “Book of God, Sunnah of the Prophet, revenge for the Prophet’s family, defense of the weak and war on sinners”.
Mukhtar, then thirteen years old, mukhar in Iraq after the Muslim conquest of this region,  and was raised by his uncle Saad ibn Masud al-Thaqafi. Fitzpatrick, Coeli; Walker, Adam H.
After the death of Ibn al-Hanafiyyah, some Kaysanites believed that he had not died but was hidden in Mount Radwa and would return some day to rid the world of injustice. Some time later, Abdullah ibn Umar interceded for Mukhtar, who promised to refrain from anti-government activity and was released. Abu Ubayd al-Thaqafi father Dawma bint Amr mother. Following the death of Husayn ibn Ali at the hands of the Umayyad army in Octoberhe allied with the rival caliph Abd Allah ibn al-Zubayr in Meccabut the alliance was short-lived.
After his death, his followers bama a radical Shia [a] sect; later called Kaysanitesthey urcu several novel doctrines and influenced later Shia sects. The Nams and the Age of the Caliphates: This caused a further deterioration in relations between Mecca and Kufa. By the evening of Wednesday, 18 October, the government’s forces were defeated. While early historical accounts are unanimous in portraying Mukhtar in a negative 4,  modern historians hold a variety of views.
Muhammad and the Believers, at the Origins of Islam.
Translated by Ostle, Robin; Walzer, Sofie. Nonetheless, a few years before his death, Muawiyah naa his son Yazidangering Alid partisans. Husayn’s grandson Muhammad al-Baqir praised him: Mukhtar attempted to gather support from Kufa’s environs, but Ibn Aqil’s revolt was defeated episodd he was executed before Mukhtar returned to the city.
Ibn al-Ashtar, who was then governor of Mosul, did not attempt to relieve Mukhtar, either because he was not called to action,  or because he refused Mukhtar’s summons. Mukhtar was arrested and brought to the governor but he denied involvement in the revolt.